Pectoral Jewelry and the Liburnians: Reflections of the Myth about Sun’s Journey in the Liburnian Culture

Sineva Kukoč
This work offers an iconographical-semantical analysis of two large bronze pectorals in the Liburnian culture, from Nin and Zaton (grave 6), symbolically based on the myth of the Sun’s journey through a composition of two “bird boats”, daily and nightly/underground, and iconography of incised scenes, and particularly through a “story” on the disk of the Sun (Nin), in style of “abstract narration”. Mythical story develops through three vertically hierarchized horizontal spheres of the World: heaven-earth-underworld (?). The essence of the myth is depicted in the upper sphere with a complex symbol of “cross in a circle/disk with four dots” (Nin). The symbol denotes that the world is a whole arranged in a cross-shaped manner by the Sun in sign of the number four, divided into four chronological and spatial segments: with fourfold rhythm of time and distribution in four directions/sections. Since “cross in a circle with four dots” is the central code of the solar cult in terms of religion during the (Late) Bronze and Early Iron Age, it is analyzed comparatively, in the communities from the European North to the South. In this work pectorals from Nin and Zaton were defined as the Picenian cultural elements but strongly integrated in the Liburnian culture since the Liburnians and Picenians used solar signs and symbols for a long time in shaping “female” and “male” (funerary) attire.

Late medieval glass lamps from Zadar

Vedrana Jović Gazić
Glass lamps belong to a number of (late) medieval and post-medieval interiors on the eastern Adriatic coast. They were used to light modest country churches, exuberant city cathedrals, and to less extent profane, primarily residential buildings. In addition to an example of a “bell-shaped” lamp (conical body with elongated hollow handle on the bottom), group of lamps from the area of historical core of Zadar consists of biconical lamps with handles for suspension, known as Islamic or Oriental lamps. They have been dated to the period from the end of the 14th to the beginning of the 16th century. Although fragmented, they are well preserved and they definitely represent an important indicator of typological presence of this everyday object in the Dalmatian littoral.

Neobjavljeni novac 3. i 4. stoljeća iz numizmatičke zbirke Franjevačkog samostana u Tomislavgradu

Stipan Dilber, Dejan Filipčić
The paper publishes the 52 specimens of the Roman Imperial coins from the coin collection of the Franciscan Museum in Tomislavgrad (Bosnia and Herzegovina). The oldest among them were dated back to the reign of Emperor Gordian in the first half of the 3rd century (238-244 AD), while the newest ones can be dated to the period of the joint reign of Valentinian I, Valens and Gratian, and to Emperor Valens’ reign, respectively. However, most of the coins belong to the bronze issues of Constantine and his sons, particularly to the series struck during the sole reigns of Constantius II and Constans. With the exception of the dupondius of Gordian III, struck in Viminacium, the specimens published here are the standard coins that circulated in the Roman province of Dalmatia in the 3rd and 4th centuries AD.