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Author Guidelines


About the journal

Geoadria is an Open Acess scientific journal that primarily publishes research results on the Croatian littoral area and Croatia in general, as well as research results from various geographic and geography-related scientific disciplines focusing on the Adriatic area, the Mediterranean, and Europe. The journal welcomes papers on any topic related to the interactions between the physical and human components of the environment, employing theoretical, methodological, or applied approaches. We particularly encourage the publication of results obtained through geospatial tools and methods, as well as those that build upon previously published research in Geoadria.


Geoadria has been published by the Croatian Geographical Society in Zadar and the Department of Geography, University of Zadar, since 1996. From 2006 onwards, all papers in the journal are published in Croatian and English or only in English (for foreign authors).

The papers published in the journal are subject to at least two dobule anonimous reviews, and are classified into the following categories:

  1. Original scientific paper – original scientific work presenting new findings from fundamental or applied research
  2. Preliminary communication – scientific articles that provide at least one or more pieces of scientific information, but may lack sufficient details for readers to fully evaluate the scientific findings.
  3. Review – articles that summarize existing literature on a specific topic, aiming to explain the current state of understanding


Open Access
Geoadria is an Open Access journal. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, redistribute, print, search and link to material, and alter, transform, or build upon the material, or use them for any other lawful purpose as long as they attribute the source in an appropriate manner according to the CC BY 4.0 licence

Authors that publish in Geoadria Journal retain unrestricted copyright to their work and publishing rights. Authors consent to the publication of their works under Creative Commons Atribution (CC BY 4.0).

Geoadria is indexed in following databases: Web of Science Core Collection – Emerging Source Citation Indeks (ESCI), Scopus, ERIH PLUS, GEOREF, Current Geographical Publications. Academic databases and search engines: DOAJ, EBSCO (Academic Search Complete), Hrčak.

The journal does not charge article processing charges (APC).



The Editorial Board accepts manuscripts all year round.

The Editorial Board accepts manuscripts throughout the year. A manuscript should be submitted in both Croatian and English (or only in English for authors outside Croatia) via the Morepress publishing platform ( Manuscripts sent by email will not be considered for publication. Prior to submission, authors are required to carefully read the Instructions for Authors and prepare the manuscript accordingly. Authors must pay particular attention to the proper structuring of the article's text and its appropriate length, following recognized standards of scientific methodology. Therefore, we suggest authors study and use the journal's article template. Please ensure that the personal data of the author(s) (names and surnames) are not mentioned anywhere in the manuscript or in the settings of the Word document. We recommend using an abbreviation of the paper title in the file name of the manuscript.

The length of articles should not exceed 13,000 words, including all references. After revisions, articles may be extended to a maximum of 15,000 words. The specific category under which an article is published is determined by the Editor-in-Chief in consultation with two reviewers (or more if necessary) and the Editorial Board. Other manuscripts and contributions are classified into permanent and temporary sections. The journal does not charge article processing charges (APC).

Submission should include:

  1. A) The manuscipt
  2. B) All figures as individual items (if any)
  3. C) An Excel doument with graphs (if any)
  4. D) A cover letter containing the full names (with underlined surnames) of all authors, their titles, and affiliations. The corresponding author should provide their signature, confirming that the manuscript or a part of it has not been accepted for publication, is not being considered for publication elsewhere, or has not been previously published (Declaration of Authorship). Additionally, include a Statement of Conflict of Interest if applicable.
  5. E) Permission to use images that were not created by the authors (if any)
  6. F) Additional documents


Submission declaration and verification

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract, a published lecture or academic thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically form.


Graphics and Tables

Original scientific papers should not include graphical documentation created by other authors. For figures that were not created by the author, such as those obtained from museums, archives, repositories, other institutions, or private individuals, written permission to publish the used images must be submitted to the Editor-in-Chief upon acceptance of the paper. This also applies to own materials published in publications in which the authors do not retain copyright. Tables and figures (maps, drawings, graphs, diagrams, photographs) should be included in the manuscript and placed within the text in a way that follows the flow of the content.
Figures should also be submitted separately in JPG, JPEG, or TIFF format with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi via the Morepress system. The Editorial Board may request a higher resolution if necessary for graphical representation. Graphic images must be clear and legible, with appropriate and consistent text and symbol sizes. Text and keys should be provided in both Croatian (for Croatian authors) and English. The title of a table should be positioned above the table, and the source should be placed below it. For figures, both the title and the source should be placed below the figure. Any sources used as a basis for figures or tables must be indicated and listed in the full form within the list of sources and literature. The maximum format for attachments is 50 × 40 cm. For articles related to regional geography, it is necessary to include an indicative drawing that displays all major geographical names mentioned in the text.



All manuscripts undergo an initial evaluation by the Editor-in-Chief (and/or members of the Editorial Board) and may be rejected without further review if they are deemed insufficiently interesting, lacking novelty, too preliminary, or outside the scope of the journal. Prior to the review process, each manuscript is subjected to plagiarism detection software to verify its originality and ensure the quality of the written work. Authors should take care not to exceed the limit of 20% overlap with previously published papers. Papers with a high degree of overlapping with previously published data, even in cases of self-plagiarism, will be rejected without review. Manuscripts suitable for the review process are sent to at least two impartial reviewers. Geoadria follows a double-blind review process, which means the identities of the authors are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa. The final decision regarding the acceptance or rejection of articles lies with the Editor-in-Chief, and his/her’s decision is considered final. Editors are not involved in decisions regarding papers they have written themselves, those written by family members or colleagues, or those related to products or services in which the editor has a vested interest. Any such submissions are subject to the journal's regular procedures, with peer review conducted independently by other editors and their research groups.



Authors have the opportunity and obligation to suggest up to five reviewers who are appropriate for the paper, although it should be noted that the journal may not utilize these suggestions. Along with the names, the reviewer's contact information (email) and an explanation as to why the reviewer is being proposed are required. The proposal of reviewers is done through the Morepress platform during the paper submission process. Authors are responsible for providing accurate data regarding the suggested reviewers. Inaccurate names and contact details may result in rejection of the manuscript. Authors can also suggest reviewers to be avoided due to any relationship that could hinder an unbiased opinion of the authors' work (e.g., professional or private connections).


After the review

Once the reviews are uploaded to the system, the Editor-in-Chief makes a decision regarding the possible acceptance of the manuscript. The reviews are then sent to the authors via the Morepress platform, and if the reviews are positive, the authors are expected to submit the revised version within the given timeframe. If authors are unable to resubmit the revised manuscript within this period, they should contact the Editor-in-Chief to discuss the possibility of extending the deadline for resubmission or uploading it as a new manuscript once all changes requested by the reviewers have been made. Authors must submit a new cover letter with each revised version, along with a response to each reviewer's comment. If changes in authorship (addition or removal of an author) have occurred during the revision process, authors are requested to clarify the reason for the change. All authors, including the removed or added ones, need to submit written consent for the change. Authors added during the evaluation process must also submit a filled-in and signed Declaration of Authorship. The revised version is evaluated by the editor and/or reviewers, and the Editor-in-Chief makes a decision as soon as possible regarding the final acceptance based on their suggestions. If necessary, further revisions may be requested to meet all the reviewers' requirements. Once the manuscript is accepted for publication, it is assigned a DOI number, and a linguistic and technical revision is conducted. The authors then review the manuscript and it is posted as an online first version. After this point, changes to the authors of the manuscript are not possible. Once all articles for an issue are collected, the authors receive the galley proof for final review before printing. The authors are expected to primarily correct any typographical errors on the proofs and not the content. The proofs must be returned to the Editorial Office within 72 hours. The final version is sent for printing, and all manuscripts are posted online as PDF files in their final form and indexed in databases.


Authorship and change of authorship

The individual contribution of each author must be stated in the manuscript after it has been accepted for publication. An author can be someone who has substantially contributed to the idea or design of the research, data acquisition, data analysis or interpretation, drafting, writing, or critical revision of the paper for important intellectual content, and has approved the final version of the paper. Other contributors should be acknowledged in the acknowledgments section but cannot be considered as authors of the work. All authors should approve the final version of the paper before submitting it to Geoadria. They agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work and should state and verify, with the signature of the corresponding author in the cover letter, that all data is authentic and correct. Authors are expected to carefully consider the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should only be made before the manuscript has been accepted and must be approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the corresponding author must provide (a) the reason for the change in the author list and (b) written confirmation (via email or letter) from all authors indicating their agreement with the addition, removal, or rearrangement. In cases of adding or removing authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor-in-Chief consider the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. During the Editor-in-Chief's consideration, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any approved requests by the Editor-in-Chief will result in a corrigendum.



In accordance with the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), the journal collects data on authors, reviewers, and editors, including names, surnames, titles, contact details, fields of professional interest, and CV. The information is used to help editors choose the appropriate reviewers, contact reviewers and authors, and provide the necessary information in published articles. Data are used only to the extent needed for publication, and information that is not included in the article or acknowledgement will not be shared with third parties. Data will be stored until revocation or erasure of data upon the request of the author/reviewer/editor.



If the authors made an honest error or discover major flaws in their work, they can retract the paper. The online version will then be marked as "retracted by authors." All links to the retracted article will be maintained. If the editors, reviewers, or readers notice a case of duplicate or overlapping publication, fraudulent use of data, plagiarism, or unethical research, the paper will be retracted after an internal review by the editorial board. In such cases, the online version will be marked as "retracted by the editorial board." All links to the retracted article will be maintained. All retractions will be done in accordance with the COPE retraction guidelines.



All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential competing interests include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Authors must disclose any interests in the manuscript. If there are no interests to declare, please state: "The authors declare no conflict of interest."



It is recommended to indicate the sources of research funding. An example is in the template.



Inclusive language acknowledges diversity, conveys respect to all people, is sensitive to differences, and promotes equal opportunities. The content of the paper should make no assumptions about the beliefs or commitments of any reader; it should contain nothing that might imply that one individual is superior to another based on age, gender, race, ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, disability, or health condition. Moreover, inclusive language should be used throughout, ensuring that the writing is free from bias, stereotypes, slang, references to the dominant culture, and cultural assumptions. It is recommended to avoid the use of descriptors that refer to personal attributes such as age, gender, race, ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, disability, or health condition, unless they are relevant and valid. These guidelines serve as a point of reference to help identify appropriate language but are by no means exhaustive or definitive.



Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). We recommend that authors who feel their English-language manuscript may require editing consider professional proofreading.



The authors are responsible for the accuracy of the published data. All corrections in the paper must be made before the publication of the issue. Therefore, the corresponding author receives a copy of the paper, which must be reviewed as soon as possible and within 72 hours at the latest. If, despite this, the authors discover a major error in the published work, they can submit a correction (erratum) to the editors, which will be published online and in the next printed edition.

The authors are required to follow the instructions provided above when preparing graphic material and editing the manuscript. The manuscript will not proceed to the further review process until it adheres to the specified formatting instructions for authors. For any questions related to the technical editing of the text, please contact the technical editor via email at or executive editor at The authors of scientific articles are responsible for the content, originality, authenticity, and ethics of the paper (see code of conduct for authors). The authors of scientific articles receive a copy of the journal. Manuscripts and reviews are not remunerated. The Editorial Board, Editor-in-Chief, Executive Editor, and Technical Editor reserve the right to make minor changes to the text, proofreading, and graphical documentation.




Geoadria follows the APA style of citation. For a comprehensive list of citation examples, authors can refer to the website of the American Psychological Association:


Style and Grammar Guidelines:

When citing references, we recommend that authors utilize reference management software such as Zotero, Mendeley, Endnote, etc. In the article's bibliography, the literature should be listed in alphabetical order based on the author's surname. Used sources and literature can be combined. Each reference cited in the text must be included in the bibliography, and vice versa, each reference listed at the end of the paper must be cited in the text. Within the text, the used literature is cited by providing the author's last name and the year of publication in parentheses (e.g., Matasov, 2019). If the author is directly quoted, the page number(s) should also be included (Matasov, 2013, p. 365). If multiple works by the same author were published in the same year, they should be distinguished with letters (Horvat, 2015a, 2015b). Footnotes should generally be avoided unless additional explanations are necessary. If the title of a referenced work is not in Croatian or English, it should be translated into one of these languages and placed in square brackets immediately after the original title, e.g.

Kühne, O. (2014). Wie kommt die Landschaft zurück in die Humangeographie? Plädoyer für eine ‚konstruktivistische Landschaftsgeographie‘ [How can landscape get back into human geography? Pleading for a constructivistic landscape geography]. Geographische Zeitschrift, 102(2), 68–85.


Journal article reference

Matasov, V., Prishchepov A.V., & Jepsen, M. R. (2019). Spatial determinants and underlying drivers of land-use transitions in European Russia from 1770 to 2010. Journal of Land Use Science, 14(4-6), 362–377.

parenthetical citation: (Matasov et al., 2019)

narative citation: Matasov et al. (2019)

If a journal article has a DOI, include the DOI in the reference. If the journal article does not have a DOI but does have a URL that will resolve for readers include the URL of the article at the end of the reference. For all references with three or more authors, state only the first author followed by et al. in the text.


Journal article with an article number

Unay-Gailhard, İ., & Bojnec, Š. (2020). Public support effect on natural disaster management: A case study of ice storms in forests in Slovenia. Land Use Policy, 95, Article 103811.

parenthetical citation: (Unay-Gailhard & Bojnec, 2020)

narative citation: Unay-Gailhard and Bojnec (2020)


If the journal article has an article number instead of a page range, include the word “Article” and then the article number instead of the page range.



Šegota, T., & Filipčić A. (1996). Klimatologija za geografe (3rd ed). Školska knjiga.

Cloke, P., Cook, I., Crang, P., Goodwin, M., Painter, J., & Philo, C. (2004). Practising human geography. SAGE Publications Ltd,

parenthetical citation: (Cloke et al., 2004; Šegota & Filipčić, 1996)

narative citation: Cloke et al. (2014),  Šegota and Filipčić (1996)


If multiple references are listed, then they should be arranged alphabetically, not chronologically.  Provide the author, year of publication, title, publisher of the book and DOI (if included). Do not include the publisher location. Use the same format for both print books and ebooks. Use the copyright date shown on the book’s copyright page as the year of publication in the reference, even if the copyright date is different than the release date.


Whole edited book

Hubbard, P., Kitchin, R., & Valentine, G. (Eds.) (2008). Key texts in human geography. SAGE Publications Ltd.

parenthetical citation: (Hubbard et al., 2008)

narative citation: Hubbard et al. (2008)


Provide the editor, year of publication, title, publisher of the book and DOI (if included). Do not include the publisher location. Use the same format for both print books and ebooks. If the ebook without a DOI has a stable URL that will resolve for readers, include the URL of the book in the reference. Use the abbreviation “Ed.” for one editor and the abbreviation “Eds.” for multiple editors after the editor names, followed by a period.


Chapter in a edited book

Kralj, J. (2007). Ornitofauna NP "Krka" – promjene i trendovi u posljednjih 20-tak godina. In D. Marguš (Ed.), Simpozij Rijeka Krka i Nacionalni park "Krka". Prirodna i kulturna baština, zaštita i održivi razvitak. Zbornik radova (pp. 371–378). Javna ustanova  „NP Krka“.

Faier, L. (2011). The Worldly Work of Writing Social Geography. In V. J. Del Casino Jr., M. E. Thomas, P. Cloke, & E. Panelli (Eds.), A Companion to Social Geography (pp. 198–213). Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

parenthetical citation: (Faier, 2011; Kralj, 2007)

narative citation: Faier (2011), Kralj (2007)


Provide the author, year of publication, title of the chapter, editor, title, publisher of the book and DOI (if included). Do not include the publisher location. Use the same format for both print books and ebooks. If the ebook without a DOI has a stable URL that will resolve for readers, include the URL of the book in the reference. Use the abbreviation “(Ed.)” for one editor and the abbreviation “(Eds.)” for multiple editors.



McGraw-Hill. (2003). Landscape. In Dictionary of Earth Science (2nd ed., p. 468)

parenthetical citation: (McGraw-Hill, 2003)

narative citation: McGraw-Hill (2003)


Provide the author, year of publication, term, title, edition information and the total page number.


Report, plan

European Environment Agency. (2019). The European environment – state and outlook 2020.

parenthetical citation: (European Environment Agency, 2019)

narative citation: European Environment Agency (2019)


The specific agency responsible for the report appears as the author.


Statistical data

Croatian Bureau of Statistics. (2007). Tourism in Seasde Resorts and Municipalities in 2006, dok. 1326/2006, Zagreb.

parenthetical citation: (Croatian Bureau of Statistics, 2007)

narrative citation: Croatian Bureau of Statistics (2007)


Conference presentation

Morrison, S. (2018, July 15 – 20). Forest Landscapes: Royal Forests in early modern England [Conference presentation]. 17th International Conference of Historical Geographers 2018, Warsaw, Poland.

parenthetical citation: (Morrison, 2018)

narrative citation: Morrison (2018)


Provide the names of the presenters, full dates of the conference, title of presentation, describe the presentation in square brackets after the title, the name of the conference or meeting and its location.


Abstract of a conference presentation

Morrison, S. (2018, July 15 – 20). Forest Landscapes: Royal Forests in early modern England [Conference presentation abstract]. 17th International Conference of Historical Geographers 2018, Warsaw, Poland.

parenthetical citation: (Morrison, 2018)

narrative citation: Morrison (2018)


To cite only the abstract of a conference presentation, include the word “abstract” as part of the bracketed description.


Published dissertation or thesis references

Anić, M. (2019). Inter-annual variability of CO2 exchange between pedunculate oak forest (Quercus robur L.) and the atmosphere [Doctoral dissertation, University of Zagreb]. Dabar – digital academic archives and repositories.

parenthetical citation: (Anić, 2019)

narrative citation: Anić (2019)

A dissertation or thesis is considered published when it is available from a database such as an institutional repository, or an archive. Include the description “Doctoral dissertation” or “Master’s thesis” followed by a comma and the name of the institution that awarded the degree. Place this information in square brackets after the dissertation or thesis title and any publication number. In the source element of the reference, provide the name of the repository, or archive.  


Unpublished dissertation or thesis references

Fürst-Bjeliš, B. (1996). Historijsko-geografska analiza prostornog pojma tradicionalne regija Turopolja (Historical-geographical Analysis of the Territorial Concept of the Traditional Region Turopolje) [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. University of Zagreb.

parenthetical citation: (Fürst-Bjeliš, 1996)

narrative citation: Fürst-Bjeliš (1996)


When a dissertation or thesis is unpublished, include the description “[Unpublished doctoral dissertation]” or “[Unpublished master’s thesis]” in square brackets after the dissertation or thesis title.


PowerPoint slide or lecture note references

Rositer, D. G. (2014, April 15). Applied geostatistics. Lecture 3 – Modelling spatial structure from point samples [Lecture notes]

parenthetical citation: (Rositer, 2014)

narrative citation: Rositer (2014)


When the slides or notes are available online, provide that in square brackets, followed by the URL of the slides.


Newspaper article

James, L., Arpan, R., Sullivan, R., & Atkinson, E. (2022, January 17). Ukraine news - live: Russia warns ‘little ground for optimism’ as West awaits Putin response to US proposals. Independent.

Harlan, C. (2013, April 2). North Korea vows to restart shuttered nuclear reactor that can make bomb-grade plutonium. The Washington Post, 1, 4.

parenthetical citation: (Harlan, 2013; James et al., 2022)

narrative citation: Harlan (2013), James et al. (2022)

If the newspaper article is from an online newspaper that has a URL include the URL of the article at the end of the reference. If you used a print version of the newspaper article provide the page or pages of the article after the newspaper title. Do not include the abbreviations “p.” or “pp.” before the page(s).



World Health Organization. (2022, January 29). WHO Coronavirus (COVID-19) Dashboard.

Croatian Bureau of Statistics. (2019, October 25). Tourist activity of population of Republic of Croatia, 2018.

Anselin, L. (2020, September 10). Global Spatial Autocorrelation (1). GeoDa, An Introduction to Spatial Data Analysis.

parenthetical citation: (Anselin, 2020; Croatian Bureau of Statistics, 2019; World Health Organization, 2022)

narrative citation: Anselin (2020), Croatian Bureau of Statistics (2019), World Health Organization (2022)

When individual author(s) are credited on the webpage, list them as the author in the reference. Provide as specific a date as possible for the webpage. Some online works note when the work was last updated. If this date is clearly attributable to the specific content you are citing rather than the overall website, use the updated date in the reference. Italicize the title of the webpage. Provide the site name in the source element of the reference. End the reference with the URL.


Data set

Croatian Geodetic Administration. (2016). Central registry of spatial units in the Republic of Croatia [Data set].

parenthetical citation: (Croatian Geodetic Administration, 2016)

narrative citation: Croatian Geodetic Administration, (2016)


If you are citing existing data or statistics, cite the publication in which the data were published (e.g., a journal article, report, or webpage) rather than the data set itself. The date in the reference is the year of publication for the version of the data used. Provide the title of the data set in italics. Then provide any numerical identifier and version number for the data in parentheses without italics, separated by a semicolon. The bracketed description is flexible (e.g., “[Data set],” “[Data set and code book]”).


Computer software

JASP team. (2021). JASP (Version 0.16)[Computer software].

parenthetical citation: (JASP team, 2021)

narrative citation: JASP team (2021)


Archival documents

State Archives in Split. (1844). Operato dell’Estimo censuario del Comune di Sale [Work of the census appraisal of the Municipality of Sali]. Archive of maps for Istria and Dalmatia (HR-DAST-152, 548), State Archives in Split, Split, Croatia.


parenthetical citation: (State Archives in Split, 1844)

narrative citation: State Archives in Split (1844)


Provide the name of the institution where the document is kept as the author, the year when the document was created, the title in the original (in italics), if the name is in a language other than Croatian or English then write the translation of the document in square brackets. Provide the name of the fund in which the document is housed, the signature of the fund, the place and the country.

Submission Preparation Checklist

All submissions must meet the following requirements.

  • I, the corresponding author, declare that this manuscript is original, and is therefore based on original research, done exclusively by the authors. All information and data used in the manuscript were prepared by the authors or the authors have properly acknowledged other sources of ideas, materials, methods, and results.
  • Authors confirm that they are the authors of the submitting article, which is under consideration to be published (print and online) in the journal Geoadria by University of Zadar, Department of Geography and Croatian Geographical Society - Zadar.
  • The submission or its part has not been previously published, nor it is under consideration in another journal. Authors have disclosed any prior posting, publication or distribution of all or part of the manuscript to the Editor.
  • Permission has been obtained for the use (in printed and electronic format) of copyrighted material (especially images) from other sources, including online sources. Restrictions on the transfer of copyright on this material have been clearly indicated.
  • The journal policies and guidelines have been reviewed and followed.
  • The metadata (title, abstract, key words, authors, affiliation, ORCiD, etc.) are provided.
  • The article has been checked for spelling and grammar.
  • Figures are provided as a graphic file in tiff or jpeg, xlsx for graphs.
  • Tables are placed in the Word file with text at the appropriate place.
  • The reference list was prepared following the guidelines (APA style).
  • All references in the reference list are cited in the text.
  • The instructions for ensuring a double-blind review have been followed.
  • The submission is in Microsoft Word format.
  • Upon publishing an article in Geoadria the authors retain unrestricted copyright to their work and publishing rights.
  • The list of authors is complete. Failure to do so may result in co-authors not being listed on the article at publication.
  • Authors consent to the publication of their works under Creative Commons Atribution (CC BY 4.0). Users are allowed to read, download, copy, redistribute, print, search and link to material, and alter, transform, or build upon the material, or use them for any other lawful purpose as long as they attribute the source in an appropriate manner according to the CC BY 4.0 licence.

Privacy Statement

Each submission received for review must be treated as a confidential document. It should not be shown or discussed it with other people except with the permission of the editor.