Journal Miscellanea Hadriatica et Mediterranea published by Department of History, University of Zadar, publishes papers in history and similar scholarly disciplines dealing with the Adriatic and Mediterranean topics, as well as reviews of works dealing with these topics. All articles go through a quality control system (double-blind peer review) before publication. This journal does not charge APCs or submission charges. The journal is published once a year.

Vol. 7 (2020)

CERAMIC FINDS FROM GLAVICE – STARA POVLJANA IN THE CONTEXT OF PREHISTORIC SETTLEMENTS ON THE ISLAND OF PAG

Morana Vuković, Zrinka Serventi
Numerous remains of ceramic vessels were discovered during the archaeological excavations carried out in 2012 at the site of Glavice near Stara Povljana on the island of Pag. Some of these finds can be attributed to the Late Middle Ages and Early Modern Period (indicated also by the finds of Venetian coins), and others are clearly dated to the prehistoric period, predominantly Iron Age. The aforementioned remains were discovered around and even within the heavily damaged dry stone structures, which, although they cannot be precisely dated to either prehistoric or later periods, indicate the longevity of use of this site for habitation. Due to the context of these finds it is highly possible that the prehistoric settlement was organized on the plateau below the nearby hill and adjacent to the arable field, which is considered to be atypical for the area and indicates a possible change in settlement placement patterns. Therefore, in this paper we shall analyse fragments of prehistoric vessels, their consistency, typology and decorations, and place them in the context of prehistoric finds in the wider territory as well as evaluate the importance of this site in the overall distribution of prehistoric settlements on the island of Pag.

VESSELS WITH A TOPONYMIC A LA BARBOTINE INSCRIPTION ON THE EASTERN ADRIATIC COAST – A SUGGESTION OF INTERPRETATION

Ana Konestra
The paper deals with two vessels bearing a toponymic inscription - Felix Arba and Salona – found in Nin and Janice, in all likelihood originating from the island of Rab and Salona, and a recently identified vessel, also from Nin, possibly belonging to the same group, though the interpretation of its inscription is difficult. On the basis of morphological and typological characteristics, vessels are classified to pottery categories of tableware and transport pottery, which enables their potential chronological and functional attribution, corroborating assumptions on their local origin. On the basis of the aforementioned, the vessels are interpreted as ancient souvenirs, not only as ceramic objects but also as possible receptacles for assumed foodstuffs and other liquids. Alternatively, on the basis of analogies from other parts of the Empire, possibility of their use is suggested in transport or commercialization of specific local products intended for very specific clients, in this case sailors, anyhow these are vessels intended for small-scale market. Regardless of the interpretation we might be inclined to accept, vessels with (not only?) toponymic inscriptions can be observed in various contexts, enabling reconstruction of not only productive and market cycle of these products but also their more extensive biography, as well as certain cultural practices, such as ancient mobility, creating memory and “self-representation” of ancient sites, ancient literacy etc., suggesting possibility of their multiple function as well as reuse, attested at least in one case, and assumed lengthy use.

DEVISING CONTINUITY. THE PROBLEM OF THE OLDEST MEMORIAL TEXT OF TROGIR

Ivan Basić
The oldest recorded history of the hexaconch rotunda of St. Mary de Platea in Trogir is associated with the memorial text preserved in two versions (Daniele Farlati, Petar Lučić). The written note provides information on the builder (restorer) of the church at the beginning of the 8th century, a relative of Severus the Great – the leader of the citizens of Salona who settled in Split in the 7th century. The author evaluates the validity of this note: he discusses the directions of previous research, transmission of the text, historiographical interpretations, and the archaeological, typological and stylistic context of the church. Through analysis he concludes that the memorial text is not of early medieval provenance; instead he gives a new proposal for its origin: it belongs to the artificial tradition shaped by the older historical narratives within the communal elite of Trogir in the 15th century, which was turned into a written text in the 16th century. He also defines the rotunda of St. Mary as an early medieval building from the beginning of the 9th century (without older phases) which was transformed into a communal church (ecclesia communis) of Trogir in the high Middle Ages. The author attributes to the text the function of creating the illusion of communal patronage of the church in continuity since the early Middle Ages.

THE UNLIKELY WINNER: CHARLES ROBERT’S RISE TO POWER

Mladen Ančić
The author is analyzing the circumstances surrounding the planning, launching and carrying out the expedition intended to transfer Charles Robert from Southern Italy to Eastern Adriatic so that he could realize his inherited right to Crown of St. Stephen and the throne of the Kingdom of Hungary-Croatia. Contrary to the conventional wisdom in historiography, the author advocates a thesis that the expedition was organized not to enable Charles to realize his claim, but to remove him from Naples where he, being the heir to the local throne, was a potential source of political disputes and conflicts. Analyzing the details of the expedition and the contemporaries’ views on it (as found in the preserved sources), the author finds arguments for such a viewpoint. He also analyzes the developments that, in the early 14th century, generated a whole new political situation that in turn created an opportunity for Charles Robert to actually realize his potential claim to the throne.

LIST OF PARISHES AND VILLAGES OF THE MID-15TH CENTURY ŠIBENIK DIOCESE

Kristijan Juran
The text discusses the archival record from the mid-15th century, which is known in the literature as a “catalogue” or “list” of parishes and villages of Šibenik diocese. It is not preserved in the original, but in transcripts from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. After introductory reminiscences of the existing literature, a review of the dating and provenance of the transcript and the manuscript tradition is given, followed by the analysis of the record content. Finally, the text brings the problem of its reception in the recent scientific and non-scientific public.

THE SINJ AND CETINA BORDER SOLDIERS IN THE VENETIAN OVERSEAS GROUND FORCES (THE 18TH CENTURY)

Lovorka Čoralić
The central purpose of this paper is to analyze the participation of the people from Sinj and from Cetina Border in the Venetian overseas ground forces (infantry and cavalry units) in the 18th century. It analyzes the original source material kept in Archivio di Stato di Venezia – the lists of members of particular military units made by the competent magistracy (Inquisitori sopra l’amministrazione dei pubblici ruoli). The introduction provides general information on the Venetian overseas troops in Eastern Adriatic, while the central part of the paper analyzes the specific examples of the Sinj and Cetina Border soldiers in the Venetian ground forces. The analysis is focused on their overall numbers in the 18th century, the frequency of their mention in the sources, general information on their unit commanders, places of deployment, and some general characteristics of the soldiers of the period (age, stature etc.). The appendix to the paper contains a complete list of the people from Sinj and Cetina Border (based on the research carried out so far) recorded in the Venetian armed forces.

ON THE CONFRATERNITIES AT THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY SAVIOR (ST. ANTHONY THE ABBOT) IN ZADAR

Zdenko Dundović
Based on the original documents from the State Archives in Zadar and reports of apostolic visitors for Dalmatia from the 16th and 17th centuries, this paper analyzes the joining of Confraternity of Leather-Workers and Confraternity of St. Anthony the Abbot to the Church of the Holy Savior (subsequently renamed the Church of St. Anthony the Abbot) in Zadar: the documents analyzed indicate that the Confraternity of Leather-Workers moved to the Church of the Holy Savior earlier than the Zadar-based historian Carlo Federico Bianchi contends and that it certainly flourished under the auspices of this church earlier than the Confraternity of St. Anthony the Abbot. Contrary to Bianchi’s claims, this paper will prove that Confraternity of St. Anthony the Abbot joined the Church of the Holy Savior later than Confraternity of Leather-Workers and that the church was renamed the Church of St. Anthony the Abbot not earlier than in the 17th century. And finally, the paper will show that the interrelations and rights of the two confraternities at the Church of St. Anthony the Abbot were regulated by the Archbishop of Zadar and the apostolic visitor and reformer of Dalmatia, Ottaviano Garzadori.

Silvia Bekavac, Željko Miletić. GENESIS, STRUCTURE AND ROLE OF FREEDMEN BODIES OF SEVIRI AND AUGUSTALES

Roko Sven Surać
A book by the assistant professor Silvia Bekavac, PhD, Department of Art History, and her mentor on the postgraduate level, the associate professor Željko Miletić, PhD, Department of Archaeology, at the University of Zadar, represents a new study on the life of a particular group of freedmen from the perspective of their social life in the context of gaining influence. Per authors’ words, the book was born out of problems that Bekavac had encountered while writing her thesis Rimska religija i kultovi u društvenoj strukturi pretkršćanske Salone [Roman Religion and Cults in Social Structure of the pre-Christian Salona], which can be replicated on the territory of Roman Dalmatia, and also throughout the Empire.

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