It is a great honour and privilege to present the third volume of the scholarly journal Miscellanea Hadriatica et Mediterranea published by the Department of History at the University of Zadar. With this volume we would like to celebrate the 70th birthday of our recently retired professor Slobodan Čače. As a long-lasting professor of antiquity at the Department of History, prof. Čače has left an immense legacy as a beloved teacher and a brilliant scientist. His intellectual curiosity led him to research different topics, ranging from the protohistorical Liburnia – a topic that is his permanent scientific inspiration, over the analysis of ancient written sources, archaeology, social organisation of autochthonous peoples and their social transformations, to the historical toponymy, philology of ancient languages and many other topics. His retirement was only a formality as prof. Čače continued his scholarly research and advisement of young scientists with equal zeal. Although his health situation has forced him to slow down his pace, his spirit, scientific curiosity and critical mind have remained quite vibrant. On behalf of the whole Editorial staff, all of the authors and associates of the journal and our colleagues we would like to wish him all the best, successful recovery and many more joyous anniversaries.
This paper presents the discovery of the big drystone wall whose remains are located in the area of the villages of Ervenik, Mokro Polje and Radučić in Bukovica. The remains of the drystone wall were noticed on aerial photos and satellite images. Field surveys of limited scope have been conducted confirming its existence in length of 9 km so far. In all likelihood the wall measured about 14 km in length and it spread continuously from the slopes of south-eastern Velebit on the right bank of the Zrmanja River to the canyon of the Krka River. The drystone wall was built for the most part on the eastern slopes of various elevations, indicating to its military-defensive character. The author assumes that the big drystone wall was built in the 1st century BC with aims of surveilance of the Liburnian border area and prevention of possible plunders or invasions of the members of the Delmatean alliance on regions of Bukovica and Ravni Kotari.
It is widely accepted that the Liburni, at some point in the Iron Age, ruled over much of the Adriatic. Professor Slobodan Čače was the first scholar to truly challenge these narratives through a critique of the written sources. The aim of this paper is to build upon the work of Čače in seeking to rethink identities in pre-Roman Liburnia through analysis of ancient literary sources. It also takes a multidisciplinary approach, and seeks to address ideas about identity and cultural change through material culture. A re-examination is undertaken into Liburnian identity through archaeological evidence, and the transformations it apparently went through during the Iron Age, focusing on ideas about ethno-cultural identities and ‘Hellenization’ in interpretations of developments in Liburnia during the last 4 centuries BCE.
A mislaid inscription mentioning the Histro-Liburnian goddess Ica has recently been re-discovered in Plomin. Another votive inscription dedicated to the same goddess, which the recent historiography considered to be lost, was also registered there, so this is a good opportunity to revisit some already known data and hypotheses on this goddess's cult and its character.
The funerary stele of the centurion from the liburna Lucusta, Liccaeus, son of Veius, is exhibited in the lapidarium at Osor (Apsorus) on the island of Cres (Crexi). It has been published several times but no publication took into account all available data concerning its site of discovery. Liccaeus and his heir Dabalus, son of Tritus, did not belong to the indigenous population of the island, but may have been from the region of the Delmatae. However, Liccaeus must have been a distinguished person at Apsorus, since he had been awarded a public place for his burial. His tombstone was found at Osor and not in Punta Križa, a village some 15 km south of Osor.
The author publishes a stele of a veteran of legio VII Claudia pia fidelis found in Siculi. He provides reading of the inscription, onomastic analysis and interpretation in the context of other epigraphic confirmations of the legionary veterans in Salona in the 1st century and their settlement in Siculi in the period of the Emperor Claudius (41-54).
This paper deals with two Roman inscriptions. The first one mentions the Emperor Probus, one of Diocletian's immediate predecessors, and the second one offers good reasons to assume that the names of Diocletian and Galerius were recorded on it. Both inscriptions were published but they never received adequate scholarly attention. Only three words are preserved from the second inscription, but still it is enough to assume that the tetrarchic emperors are mentioned on it. On the basis of analogies we can assume that the names of Diocletian and Galerius were recorded on the inscription.
The relief depicting John the Evangelist which was once embedded in the Church of St. Jerome on Marjan is a palimpsest of a Roman funerary monument. Since the removal, it has been visible from all sides, and this paper first presents their description. The upper side is particularly interesting as it bears the remains of an insertion groove. In the author's opinion, the figure of the saint was made by reworking a portrait of a woman in the Eumachia-Fundilia statue type. This means that the hair was also re-carved from some characteristic female coiffure and that the object in the left hand (etui with a pen or a pen?) was made of drapery or some typical female attribute. Considering the manufacturing process and shaping of the front with two joint niches, the relief from Split could have been formed only from a monumental stele or a relief incorporated into a larger funerary object. There are no comparable examples in Salona and its close hinterland meaning that it was a monument of peculiar rendering, i.e. a previously unknown typological variant. Since several elements contradict the thesis on attribution to the embedded relief (presence of an inscription, portrait format), the author supports an opinion that it was a monumental stele made after a northern Italic model.
Abundance of postmedieval glazed pottery was discovered in 1972 and 1973 at the underwater site of Mala Jana in the vicinity of Glavotok on the island of Krk. Total of 31 objects were inventoried in the Early Modern Period Collection of the Maritime and History Museum of the Croatian Littoral. Furthermore another 21 objects from the same site were recovered a year later and given to the Diocese of Krk. Presently they are on display in the exhibition room of the Frankopan citadel in Krk. Although certain finds have already been published individually, they have never been analyzed as a complete cargo, so this article offers the analysis of the entire assemblage of finds from the site of Mala Jana, dating the mentioned artifacts to the late 16th or early 17th century. The paper also analyzes potential trade routes possibly used for transport of such material.