It is a great pleasure to introduce a new, fifth number of the scholarly journal Miscellanea Hadriatica et Mediterranea, published by the Department of History at the University of Zadar, in which we have continued to pursue the concept of the journal dealing with wide range of topics related to the history and culture of the Adriatic, Mediterranean and their hinterland.
This paper offers a detailed analysis of Mycenaean Greek toponyms whose root is related to the sea, and of such derivative ethnonyms that serve as anthroponyms, as well as of anthroponyms derived from words coming from a maritime context. With these, vocabulary related to the sea and seafaring from Mycenaean Greek is established, which can be confirmed in Classical Greek. In addition to the analysis of Greek words the author, whenever possible, establishes a relation with Croatian forms and their etymologies, not in the form of loan words, as such practically don’t exist in the sphere of Croatian toponymy, but in the form of naming patterns, whether or not the Proto-Indo-European roots used were the same.
Continually used for burials between the 8th-7th centuries BC and early 3rd century AD, the necropolis at Velika Mrdakovica in the vicinity of Zaton (near Šibenik) is one of the best researched sites of this type in Liburnia. Some 130 incineration burials – mostly Roman – were discovered during the 1969 – 1974 archaeological campaigns, while recent excavations yielded 15 more. This exceptionally large number of Roman-period graves dated to the period between the 1st century AD and, roughly, early 3rd century AD is a representative sample that can help us reconstruct, or at least attempt to reconstruct, what has always been uppermost in experts’ mind – the burial ritual. As we lack written sources that would serve as first-hand testimony about the details of one of the most important and most sacred rituals in the lives of the Liburni – the burial ritual – we will try to reconstruct it with the help of material evidence: the grave goods and the way they were used for the purpose. Some issues arising from the interpretation of – mostly – luxurious ceramic material have been discussed in scientific papers and professional articles since the 1970s, only offhandedly dealing with the main subject of this paper. Based on the observations from earlier and – particularly – recent archaeological excavations, we will try to discuss in some detail the theses about certain elements of the burial ritual, while also giving a detailed description of the funeral process carried out by the Liburni of Velika Mrdakovica.
This paper offers an analysis, based on original cartographic material as a historical source of the first order, of the significance of the settlement situated in the position of today’s Sveti Juraj near Senj as a nexus of overseas and hinterland commerce. It is regarded as a coastal settlement, which entails a port that is a connection between the circulation between merchant goods from the hinterland towards other overseas destinations, as well as goods which arrived by sea traffic in order to be transported to the hinterland market. In that regard it is important that above Senj a mountain pass (Vratnik) is located by which Velebit is traversed. The notorious Bura, however, which shortened the season of navigation, is also a factor. Considering that in antiquity Lopsica was situated there, and that in the Middle Ages Sveti Juraj would mature, it was deemed interesting to consider the shift in the two names of the settlement. For this reason, the problem is examined here up to the Late Medieval era, as later attestations are present on almost all of the available cartographic works of world-famous cartographers. This paper was written in celebration of the 700th anniversary of the affirmation of Sveti Juraj near Senj as a settlement and port in the most important historical cartographic sources.
Four hundred and six graves from different periods dating from the Iron Age to the Late Middle Ages have been unearthed in the excavations of the archaeological site of Vrt Relja from January 2005 to June 2006. Differences in mortuary practices implied typological analysis of burials that is presented in this paper. Graves were analyzed typologically and statistically with an intention of attesting long-term burying in this part of the necropolis. Typology enables better understanding of dating of burials, and at the same time some new questions were posed while the paper was written related to abandoning grave area at the beginning of the Early Middle Ages and returning to the same place in the High and Late Middle Ages.
Vengono analizzati tre cippi liburnici, fino al diciannovesimo secolo presenti nella collezione Obizzi presso il castello del Catajo, a Battaglia Terme, Padova. Ritenuti di provenienza locale in realtà sono originari dei territori di Asseria e Iader in Dalmatia.
The article describes major early Islamic traditions in which Jerusalem has been designated as the third holiest city in Islam. Their content has been analyzed based on the historical context and religious, inter-religious and political circumstances in which they were forged. Particular attention has been paid to textual and material sources, their authenticity, dating and their interpretation by prominent orientalists and art historians. The article addresses specific themes, such as Jerusalem in Islamic canonical texts, Muhammad’s Night Journey to al-Aqṣā, the legends of Caliph ‘Umar’s conquest of Jerusalem, names for Jerusalem in Early Islamic chronicles, the influence of Jews and Jewish converts on early Islamic traditions, and the construction, symbolism, ornaments, and inscriptions of the Dome of the Rock. In the concluding remarks the author considers the question of to what degree attributing holiness to Jerusalem in Islam has been based on autochthonous early Islamic religious traditions, and to what degree on Muslim-Jewish interaction in Palestine, political processes, such as fitnah during early Umayyad rule, ‘Abd al-Malik’s struggle with Caliph Ibn al-Zubayr in the Hejaz, the Crusades, and the present-day Arab-Israeli conflict.
Davor Kovačić, a historian working at the Croatian Institute of History, authored the book entitled Criminality in the Independent State of Croatia – Crime, Corruption, Morality, Politics. The Institute published the book in 2017. Kovačić is a PhD-holder specializing in the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), particularly its repression apparatus. He published a number of papers and books on the subject. This book carries on the tradition of his earlier works.
Although his name will not reverberate as much as that of some of his predecessors when researchers of the very complex subject of slavery in the Antiquity are mentioned, Peter Hunt’s works have nevertheless won him acclaim as one of the leading researchers of slaveholding societies. A professor at the University of Colorado, Hunt specializes in social history in the context of slavery and wars – specifically, in ancient Greece. His book Ancient Greek and Roman Slavery was published by Wiley Blackwell in 2018. He himself announced it back in 2012. It is his first major work on the slavery in Rome.