Introduction

Mithad Kozličić, Anamarija Kurilić

The new scientific journal, Miscellanea Hadriatica et Mediterranea, published by the Department of History at the University of Zadar, is focused on multidisciplinary scientific analysis of the historical processes occurring in the Adriatic and Mediterranean and spanning from prehistory to the modern age. Accordingly, even though the first number has predominantly historical papers, this journal is opened to all scientific art-historian, archaeological, linguistic and architectural essays as well as politological and juridical reviews and scientific analyses of numerous other cognate topics dealing with Adriatic and Mediterranean. At the same time, scholarly papers are not limited to the expanse of those important seas but similarly should extend their interest to the coastal and deep hinterland areas with ties to the Adriatic and Mediterranean. Hence, this new journal, in collaboration with similar publications by other departments at the University of Zadar, is a worthy successor of the previous scientific journal Radovi Filozofskog fakulteta u Zadru. Razdio povijesnih znanosti, which was, under that name, published for the last time in its fortieth issue (no. 27), published in Zadar in 2001 [2003]. The scientific historical research and the results achieved through the creation of scholarly papers have been attested in this journal to be multidisciplinary, even when the author of the paper was by its vocation “only” a historian. Global tendencies, especially in modern times, have proven that a branch of science cannot remain in the “traditional” thematic-methodological boundaries; to clarify, modern history and its research are inconceivable without the multidisciplinary approach. Therefore, recognition of other scientific research in relatively cognate sciences and scientific disciplines is in touch with modern tendencies within the historical science, which can only prosper in knowledge, content and methodology through that interaction. The Adriatic-Mediterranean connection is not coincidental; on the contrary, it is intended to draw attention on the fact that the history of the Adriatic is difficult to comprehend unless it is seen in the context of the Mediterranean. The Adriatic has been for millennia, either through culture, trade or knowledge and science, one of the shortest routes between Europe and Africa or Asia, both with their developed cultures, and with trading centres dealing in, for the Europeans, extremely sought out merchandise. New ideas and new knowledge circulated on that route, along with the numerous military forces and empires, which held it under their control for shorter or longer periods of time. Quite often the process was reversed: Greek colonisation of the Mediterranean and Adriatic in one direction was followed by later expansion of Venice and Normans in the other direction. Unfortunately, despite the continued research by scientists from different countries, a lot still remains undiscovered. In example, how much do we truly know about the grandiose Arab achievements during the Middle Ages or perhaps about the actual Norman influence in the Mediterranean and the Adriatic? This journal is therefore dedicated to this and many other clusters of various historical problems, which can be identified, at least to some degree, in the current populations inhabiting the coastal and deep hinterland areas of the Adriatic and the Mediterranean. In order to reach international readers, the journal is from the start published in two languages, Croatian and one international language, and accordingly welcomes associates from all sides of the world.

9-10


On the dedication of the first number of the scientific journal Miscellanea Hadriatica et Mediterranea to Franjo Smiljanić, scholar and university professor

Mithad Kozličić

With the death of Professor Franjo Smiljanić, Department of History at the University of Zadar lost one of the most esteemed professors, scientists and above all creative members of teaching staff. It will be difficult to find the person with equally unbreakable spirit who will fill the void left by his departure. His unique life, built around the enormous pain he endured and the infectious laugh, immense erudition and incredible resolve to endure in his scientific endeavours, will surely be a strong guiding light to the younger colleagues in how to live and work at Croatian universities. Therefore the faculty staff of the Department of History at the University of Zadar unanimously decided to dedicate the first number of the new scientific journal to the memory of this “bard” of historical science, true Mediterranean and even greater lover of the Adriatic.

11-13


Alessandro Benedetti e Federik Grisogono: testimoni della peste

Nicoletta Cabassi

La vita del medico e maestro padovano Alessandro Benedetti (1450-1512), tra Italia, Dalmazia e Grecia, sembra a tratti intersecarsi a quella del suo allievo croato Grisogono (1472-1538). Entrambi preoccupati delle pandemie che ciclicamente flagellarono l’Europa tra Quattrocento e Cinquecento, scrissero brevi trattati sulla peste. Lo studio analizza in dettaglio il loro approccio eziologico, diagnostico e prognostico alle malattie epidemiche. La loro testimonianza, in forte debito verso il pensiero medico tradizionale, rivela tuttavia il continuo evolversi della riflessione scientifica e del dibattito che da essa scaturisce.

79-107


Vicko Dabović from Boka – captain of Venetian battleship Vittoria II in the last years of the Republic of Venice

Lovorka Čoralić, Maja Katušić

Central theme of this article is directed towards naval military career of Vicko Dabović from Boka, the captain of Venetian ship Vittoria II in the last years of the eighteenth century. The article is based on the previous results of historiography (general data on the Dabović family) and – to a greater extent – on the analysis of the source materials from the State Archive of Venice (archival series of the Provveditori all’Armar). In the central part of the article, the composition of the crew of Vittoria II is analysed according to the lists made from 1 September 1794 to 24 September 1795. Lists of the ship’s crew of Vittoria II are given as an appendix at the end of the article.

121-146


Secus flumen Titium: on boundaries and changes along the river Krka before and at the beginning of Principate

Slobodan Čače

This paper deals with the relationships between autochthonous communities (Scardona, Promona, Varvaria) and the territorial relations in the context of different influences the Romans had in the area along the Middle and Lower part of the Krka River. It is argued that the thesis on the dominant role of Liburnian Varvaria in the Late pre-Roman period should be abandoned, especially in relation to Scardona, Promona and Burnum. According to the literary and epigraphic sources, Scardona was, even before Augustus, an important Liburnian community. This paper also advocates that, despite Appian’s well known citation about it being a Liburnian town, Promona should be considered to belong to the territory of the Delmatae by ethnicity, and attribution to Liburnia should be seen as a Roman defence strategy against the Delmatae attacks. The second part of the paper brings about a discussion on the territorial relations that arose from the establishment of the legionary camp in Ivoševci (so-called “Hollow Church” site) and also covers the question of the legal status of prata, i.e. territorium legionis.

17-37


Sepulchral monument of G. Aruntius Felicissimus and the age structure of ancient Liburnia

Anamarija Kurilić

In the first part of this paper, the author analyses two fragments of a single sepulchral monument found as spolia in the church of Sv. Juraj (St. George) in Raštević near Benkovac. The monument, which can generally be dated to the late Princpate period - most likely in the second half of the 2nd century AD, was erected by Sempronia Maximilla for her husband Gaius Aruntius Felicissimus, who died at the age of 70. In the second part, the author analyses data on the age of the deceased found in Liburnian sepulchral inscriptions and aims to prove the possible age limits of average life expectancy. Through that analysis it will be possible to better understand if, and to what degree, was Gaius Aruntius Felicissimus an exception from standards present during that period.

39-60


Authorities of the ragusan ambassadors as a precondition of successful expansion of the city territory

Valentina Zovko

Ragusan attempts to expand the city territory in the 14th and 15th centuries found a stronghold almost regularly in diplomatic delegations whose representatives were most distinguished and wealthy aristocrats. Outcome of their missions was a result of complex calculations whose part were authorities they were entrusted with. Freedoms they enjoyed determined their diplomatic status, and they were formed according to importance of the mission, in relation to political circumstances in the region and new forms of communication which appeared as a result of progress of the society, development of administrative apparatus and more frequent contacts. Diplomatic practice indicated to necessity of flexibility in activity in order to save time, monitor the events on the spot and timely reaction, but changes were slow. Decisions about their authorities, contained in the text of the instruction, should have had effective results in promoting interests of the entire community but some ambassadors overstepped them, despite harsh sanctions.

61-78


The Eastern Adriatic nautical charts and pilot books throughout history

Mithad Kozličić

This article deals with the most important characteristics of historical mapping of the Adriatic region, particularly its eastern part and genesis of the pilot books. Both is observed in the context of the fact that the sea was the shortest, easiest and cheapest transport route which connected Europe with Asia and Africa.

169-197


Isolarii – testimonies of European and Mediterranean identity of Croatia

Milorad Pavić

Numerous sources testify to Croatian affiliation to Europe and its rich cultural heritage. Isolarii (island books) make an important part of these sources. From a kind of homage to grandeur and glory of the Venetian Republic in the first half of the 15th century they developed into a scientific-literary genre which depicted in word and illustration various geographical regions relevant at the time to a wide reading audience. At the beginning isolarii adhered strictly to etymological meaning of the title of the genre describing exclusively insular regions. Their interest gradually spread to other coastal regions important in sailing terms which emphasized their relevance. Existence of this genre is characterized by constant development and improvement in almost three centuries of continuity. Bordone, Porcacchi, Camocio, Rosaccio, Coronelli were only some of authors in whose works Croatia got its recognizable place with its window to the world.

199-213


The slave trade on the Adriatic in the 17th century

Tea Perinčić

Since Antiquity the slave trade in the Adriatic had been a long term activity which had an important impact on the economy of the Dalmatian communes. The status of slaves and their traffic was originally regulated by the Statutes of individual Dalmatian towns. With the appearance of Ottomans in late Middle Ages into their hinterland numerous changes occurred. The traffic in slaves was redirected towards the east where the Christian captives were then sold. Nevertheless, with the new intensity of Christian warfare against the Ottomans, the Muslim slave trade from the Ottoman Empire increased particularly in Dalmatian marketplaces which were mediatory because the real trade of Ottoman subjects was across the Adriatic on the Apennine Peninsula. This traffic reached a special intensity during the Candian and Morean Wars in the second half of the 17th century. The trade of the Ottoman captives in the Adriatic, how they were kept and sold, including the legal regulations of the trade from the Venetian and Papal points of view in the 17th century, are discussed in this paper.

109-120


Stjepan Buzolić, Dalmatian reformer and enlightener

Ivan Peklić

This article presents reformation and enlightenment activity of Stjepan Buzolić. Through his educational and social work he contributed to the great extent to reformation movement in Dalmatia and through his actions to enlightenment of the people. This paper builds on the hitherto published literature on Buzolić, published and unpublished sources. The paper provides analysis of Buzolić’s literary works with the objective of emphasizing his reformation and enlightenment idea. The intention of this paper is to highlight the importance of Stjepan Buzolić in the context of reformation movement in Dalmatia, since his work did not receive sufficient acknowledgement in the present Croatian historiography.

147-168


Living through the Dead: Burial and Commemoration in the Classical World, Studies in funerary archaeology, 5. (ed. Maureen Carroll, Jane Rempel)

Zrinka Serventi

Living through the Dead, Burial and Commemoration in the Classical World, book published in 2011, is the result of international conference regarding the necropolises and burial customs from Antiquity to the seventeenth century, which took place at the University of Sheffield. Nine articles on 209 pages dealing with the wider territory of Mediterranean and Black Sea were published in English language. Apart from the reports which were presented during that conference (Gray, Graham, Pearce, Russel), a number of articles were written specifically for this publication (Bommas, Low, Lepetz and Van Andringa) under the editorship of Maureen Carroll and Jane Rempel.

215-225