Editorial

Anamarija Kurilić, Ante Bralić

We present to you the second volume of the scholarly journal Miscellanea Hadriatica et Mediterranea published by the Department of History at the University of Zadar. It took a little longer than planned for it to be published, but as in many other projects, every beginning is difficult and some unforeseen obstacles had to be surmounted. In accordance to the Journal’s concept, which is open to contributions covering various historical topics connected with wide Adriatic and Mediterranean spheres, this volume includes papers dealing not only with classical historical subject-matters but also with the more interdisciplinary ones, such as two papers closely linked with art history and one largely concentrated on presenting restauration and conservation of a carriage. Reviews of three recent scholarly books add to the diversity of contributions in this volume. Some of the papers, similarly to the ones in the previous number, have been dedicated to prematurely deceased colleague from our Department, Franjo Smiljanić, PhD.

7-7


The Adriatic Islands in the Periegesis of Pseudo-Scymnus: Two Remarks

Slobodan Čače
This paper deals with two issues: (1) sequence of the central Dalmatian islands in the Periegesis which is different than in most other ancient sources, and (2) interpretation and evaluation of allegedly exceptional location of the island of Diomedes in the Periegesis.
Comparative analyses indicate to special association of the island of Vis (Issa) with the Hyllaean Peninsula (Perieg. 413), confirmed to a certain extent by Apollonius Rhodius (Argonaut. 4.565): Vis appears as the first of the central Dalmatian islands from the north-west. Since the Periegesis explicitely mentions Timaeus (Perieg. 412), this author was most probably the first not only to mention and introduce the Hylleis and their peninusula to geographic knowledge of the time but also to emphasize connections of this peninsula with Vis which seems to be a reflection of visual connections important for ancient sailors. We can also find analogous sequence with Vis in the first place (but without the Hyllaean Peninsula) in Strabo (2.5.20; 7.5.5).
The second issue relates to the island of Diomedes in the Periegesis (431 – 433) mentioned in quite unexpected context according to certain opinions: it was mentioned after Lake Lychnidos (Ohrid), which was a basis for hypothesis about the cult on the islet in Lake Prespa, far from the Adriatic. However more extensive analysis of the “Illyrian” passage indicates that all relational spatial designations refer to Illyris i.e. Illyrians meaning that there is no reason to look for the island of Diomedes outside the Adriatic (Palagruža). This work focuses on the geographical association of the island of Diomedes with the Illyrian land as the actual “anomaly” of the Periegesis, while all other sources associate the island with the nearest part of Italy, Apulia.

9-23


The Evidence from Nin concerning Bishop Natalis (1436 – 1462), Apostolic Legate to Bosnia

Nikola Jakšić
The article deals with two historical artefacts from the mid-fifteenth century: an episcopal coat of arms, and a large ring with a crest and inscription of Pope Pius II (Enea Silvio Piccolomini). It argues for a direct connection between both artefacts and Bishop Natalis, who carried
out his pastoral duties in Nin from 1436 to 1462. The coat of arms used to be set into the wall above the entrance to the former Episcopal Palace, and the ring with a papal crest is a direct testimony of Natalis’ service as an apostolic legate to Bosnia, a responsibility with which he was entrusted during the final years of his life.

41-50


Conflict, Coexistence and Cooperation in Venetian Zadar (16th century)

Stephan Karl Sander-Faes
This study investigates encounters in the early modern Adriatic, in particular focusing on the Venetian possessions. The predominantly Catholic Dalmatian cities were incorporated into the Venetian maritime state around the turn of the fifteenth century and were home to small but bustling communities of merchants, companies of sailors, and soldiers. During the sixteenth century, Dalmatia was both the frontline of Catholicism and a valuable turnover hub for goods, ideas, and people. As the Ottomans continued their advance, life within the crammed fortifications, threatened by bandits, disease, and pirates was tenuous at times. Despite these conditions, cooperation across the many fault lines dividing early modern Europe never ceased. The study uses a microhistorical approach to source material from the rich Croatian State Archive in Zadar and presents selected examples of cooperation, the bending of norms, and everyday life.

51-83


Renewal of the Dominican Monastery and Church in Dubrovnik in the 19th Century: Old Library and Church Altars

Vinicije B. Lupis
In this work the author analyzes less known data about the renewal of the Dominican church and monastery in Dubrovnik during the 19th century, paying special attention to three altars, primarily the altar presently located in the church of St. Nicholas in Čilipi which once belonged to the Palmotić family, and altar of St. Vincent Ferrer sold to Muo in 1883 where it is still situated. In the work Viginti supra centum Sanctorum, Beatorum, ac Venerabilim Fratrum Ordinis Praedicatorum Chronologico ordine digestae Imagines by Serafin Marija Crijević, there is a depiction of Blessed Mannes Guzman on the page five, actually a sketch of the present-day altar of St. Dominic in the monastery church. The altar of St. Dominic is the only preserved altar from the Dominican church renewal after the earthquake. For now it is the only altar in Dubrovnik from this period, with preserved original sketch after which it was made, enriching in that way previous insights about the Baroque altars in Dubrovnik.

109-130


Historical-geographical and Geopolitical Constants of the Adriatic and Adriatic Region in the Context of Braudel’s Vision of the Mediterranean

Petar Elez
This work deals with the contribution of the Braudel’s work The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the age of Philip II to understanding and interpretation of the basic characteristics of the Adriatic geopolitics through history. The focus is on the historical - geographical and geostrategical valorization of the historical role of crucial vantage points in control and protection of main longitudinal and transversal Adriatic maritime corridors as well as on the geostrategical analysis of relations of the Adriatic with the rest of the Mediterranean
and particularly with its closer and more distant continental
hinterlands.

85-108


On “Didići” in the Zadar Archipelago in the Middle Ages

Kristijan Juran
This modest contribution is dedicated to the memory of the late professor Franjo Smiljanić. One of the historiographic issues that intrigued him by the end of his life dealt with didići – poorly known and even less explored social class from the Croatian medieval period. Therefore it seemed appropriate to pay attention to didići on this occasion, as we collected some new information in that regard in the meantime.

25-40


Virginia L. Campbell, The Tombs of Pompeii: Organization, Space and Society, New York, 2015.

Zrinka Serventi

Virginia L. Campbell in her book “The Tombs ofPompeii: Organization, Space and Society” offers acomprehensive overview of graves, tombs and developmentof the necropoleis in Pompeii throughaspects of spatial and social organization. The bookis organized in seven chapters, three appendices(catalogues of graves, tombs and funerary inscriptions),index, and illustrations which correspondwell to the text. The book is a result of researchundertaken by the author for her dissertation basedon analysis of extensive documentation and seriesof very diverse scientific works dealing with Pompeiiand their necropoleis but concentrating mostlyon the most famous and most decorative finds andtombs without systematic study of entire scopeof the sepulchral area. In her study the author attemptedto solve some crucial questions, primarilyif detailed analysis of each individual burial areacan reveal social, economic, legal or cult traditionsand regulations (possibly specific only for Pompeii);ways in which funerary monuments reflect behaviourof the individuals or groups, and administrativeprocedures necessary for organization of afuneral. The author answers these questions in thediscussion parts of the book, from the third to thesixth chapter.

147-152


Stephen Greenblatt, Skretanje. Kako je svijet postao moderan, Zagreb, 2014.

Jure Šućur

In 2003 the Algoritam publishing company launched Facta edition in which over 120 titles have been published. Pulitzer-winning work by Stephen Greenblatt from 2012 was published in Croatia at the end of 2014. Despite great number of books published in the mentioned series these are mostly works dealing with natural and social sciences, but the book in question is on the borderline of two humanistic disciplines – history and literature. Stephen Greenblatt is the main representative of new historicism and he is often mentioned as one of the initiators of this theoretical school.1 This school of literary and cultural theory was formed in the USA at the beginning of 1980s by means of study of the Renaissance within literary theory. The approach which emerged under the influence of Michel Foucault implied study of not only the work but also the context in which the work was created – historical, legal, economic, etc. Although Greenblatt promoted spreading of the mentioned term, later the term cultural poetics was preferred.

153-162


Slaven Bertoša, Barban i mletački Loredani: život u pokretu, ljudi i događaji, Zagreb, 2016.

Marko Jelenić

In February of 2016 a book by a historian and university professor Slaven Bertoša, PhD, Barban i mletački Loredani: život u pokretu, ljudi i događaji (Barban and the Venetian Loredan family: life in motion, people and events) was published by Katedra Čakavskog sabora in Pazin and University of Juraj Dobrila in Pula as publishers and State Archives in Pazin and Municipality of Barban as co-publishers. Central theme of the monograph is the area of the fief of Barban and Rakalj during the Venetian administration, from the 16th century to 1797, and later in the 19th century. This edition on 319 pages definitely merits attention of the scholarly public due to thorough approach to archival sources and also factualistic aspect of the author’s research. The book contains fourteen chapters and a number of supplements as well as about ninety photographs complementing the textual part. Although the author published a number of books and works analyzing historical themes, this is the first one to deal with the regions of Barban and Rakalj. It is the result of the author’s research in the State Archives in Venice, State Archives in Pazin and Archives of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Zagreb where abundant archival documents were preserved dealing with the themes of research. Prof Slaven Bertoša, PhD, is one of the leading representatives of the Istrian and Croatian historiography of the Modern Period.

163-168


The Milord Carriage from Brijuni, History and Conservation

Sonja Kirchhoffer, Zoran Kirchhoffer
The Milord (Mylord) carriage in possession of the National Park Brijuni is a forerunner of the Victoria carriage. Owing to their similar characteristics, they can easily be mixed up. This work presents short overview of the development of the Milord carriage and its most important characteristics. The work focuses on the procedures of conservation and restoration which involved analyses of the material evidence resulting in valuable information about the carriage origin, its original appearance and later destiny. Obtained information indicates that important insights about a certain object can be gained through analysis of material evidence without additional documentation.

131-146