Mercantle and Cultural Globalization: Giuseppe Parini’s The Day

Giorgio Baroni

The new edition of Giuseppe Parini’s complete works (2021) is a mine of forms that help us understand his discourse on what was then contemporary Italian society, and France, whose culture of the time greatly influenced Italian culture. The close textual analysis presented in the paper indicates that Parini compares Voltaire to Proteus (''multiforme''); Voltaire and Jean Jacques Rousseau to Aristippus and Diogenes; the French writer and courtesan Ninon de Lenclos to the Greek Aspasia and to Thais, a character in the Latin theatre and also in Dante’s Inferno. On the other hand, the influences of French customs, but also xenophilia in general, ironically treated by Parini (i.e., as an invitation to consume goods of the most varied origins) in his masterpiece The Day, lead to a reading that recognizes an effective, almost ''sociological'' syntheses in which, by way of conclusion, we find the phenomenon today known under the term ''globalization''.


A Fourteenth-century Unpublished Correspondence between the Two Adriatic Coasts

Historical and Linguistic Aspects

Francesco Bettarini, Anna Rinaldin

The State Archives of Florence and the Pennsylvania University Library preserve two fragments of the family and business letters that Piero di Bernardo Chiarini received from Florence between 1390 and 1400. These correspondences are of relevance to historical and historical linguistic analysis precisely because the Chiarini family, despite their close relations to the city of their origin, lived and worked mainly in Split and were fully integrated into the social network of the Dalmatian city. As a second generation of migrants to Split, the Chiarini family adopted the Dalmatian mindset along with its linguistic peculiarities, of great interest for this paper.


Encountering "Italicity" beyond Borders

An Example of Cultural Mediation

Sergej Roić

The paper focuses on the concept of ''Italicity'', or ''Cultural Italophony'' in today’s world of continuous intertwining, a world of multiple and non-exclusive identities. As an example, and a model of such a cultural choice, the paper considers the case of cultural mediator Grytzko Mascioni (1936-2003), a Swiss and Italian, and eventually an ''Adriatic'' – Croatian. According to the closing remarks of the paper, the non-state or national Italicity-Cultural Italophony has the right to participate, for example, in Swiss territory and its local identity by merging and dialoguing with the present ''Swissness''. On the other hand, Italicity-Italophony can, embodying its peculiar values, be defined as a belonging or identity that surpasses a strictly national and political one. In this way, it effectively represents a non-invasive but enriching cultural result that is, ultimately, also the result of Italian culture but manifested outside of Italy. A poet, author of significant essays on ancient Greece, and, finally, of a novel written entirely in (and partly about) Croatia, Mascioni, who was also a director of the Italian Cultural Institute in Zagreb, under the sign of cultural Italophony, played a crucial role in the rapprochement between the then newly established Croatian state and the Western European culture and civilization.


The Italian Language in the Contemporary Linguistic Landscape of Zadar

Antonio Oštarić

This paper analyzes the Linguistic Landscape of Zadar, focusing on the role and distribution of the Italian language. Throughout history, the Italian language used to have diverse roles as a written language in the public space; in recent decades, however, it is used as one of the foreign languages associated primarily with Croatian tourism. As the form of tourism changed, the role of Italian in the linguistic landscape changed as well. This paper presents the analysis of a corpus of 13,608 photographs of signs taken in the linguistic landscape of Zadar on three occasions, in 2011, 2013, and 2018. The analysis presents how frequently Italian is used in Zadar’s public spaces and for what purposes. Apart from the quantitative analysis of the LL signs, the paper also presents qualitative data obtained through interviews with all parties involved in designing, producing, setting up, and perceiving the LL signs.


Journals as Sources of Change in History

The Case of Arena di Pola (1945-1948)

Anna Bortoletto

The newspaper L'Arena di Pola was a firsthand witness of the exodus of Italians from Istria and Dalmatia after World War II. It was founded in Pula in 1945 as a daily Italian newspaper during the period of the Allied Military Government, until in May 1947, after the editorial staff moved to Italy along with the majority of the Italian-speaking population, it became the ''newspaper of the exodus''. Having moved across the border, the newspaper changed its objectives, intentions, and contents – but not its readers. The same people who read the newspaper in Pula, informing themselves about the international negotiations that would seal their fate, continued to read the newspaper even when they were scattered throughout Italy, attempting to find the roots of their culture and identity or any information about their family members or friends that would help them re-establish contact. Therefore, the paper traces the history of the newspaper in the years of exodus, focusing on the evolution of its contents. Overall, there is a progressive decrease in news of political-chronicle nature, which corresponds to a respective increase in texts of an identity-cultural nature, such as historical-artistic insights and memories of the past.


A Brilliant Man of Letters

Reflections on the Triestine Writer Filippo Zamboni

Martina Damiani

Filippo Zamboni (Trieste, 1826 -Vienna, 1910) was a writer distinguished for his studies on Dante, which appear in most of his literary works. The paper focuses on two of his works, namely Gli Ezzelini, Dante, e gli schiavi. Pensieri storici e letterari (The Ezzelini, Dante, and the Slaves: Historical and Literary Thoughts, 1864) and Il bacio nella luna: Pandemonio. Ricordi e bizzarrie (The Kiss in the Moon; Pandemonium; Memories and Oddities, 1911). In addition to analyzing his interpretations of certain passages of the Divine Comedy, the paper also discusses the reviews and criticism published by periodicals with particular reference to the writings of Istrian poet Giuseppina Martinuzzi, who, more any other author, wrote about Filippo Zamboni’s work. Martinuzzi’s manuscript, discussed in this paper, is titled Alcuni stampati e manoscritti di Filippo Zamboni ed altri che di lui dicono (Some of Filippo Zamboni’s Prints and Manuscripts and What Others Said about Him) and kept in the Labin Folk Museum. It allows us to deepen our understanding of the importance of this Dante scholar, who is little known today.


Using Songs in Motivating Students to Engage with Literature

Fabio Caon

In the Italian school system, literature and teaching of literature are facing difficulties. The crisis is the result of both the youth’s growing disinterest in the written word as a source of knowledge and the teaching methodologies that pay little attention to improving learners’ motivation. How to deal with this situation? One of the possible solutions could be the use of songs as a teaching aid. This essay deepens the relations between songs and literature. More precisely, it explores how songs can motivate students to engage with literature, drawing a connection between the literary text and the forms of aesthetic fruition that young students prefer. After illustrating the value of intrinsic motivation and the reasons why songs could work as ''bridges'', the paper presents different modalities of integrating songs with literary texts to motivate students (in upper secondary education) to study literature.


"The Stranger Inseparable from Me"

Intercultural Communication and Literary Education

Sveva Battaglia

The essay introduces some characteristics and principles of intercultural communication, highlighting the paradigm shift it implies. Furthermore, the study considers one of the aims of literary education, namely, to foster the knowledge of the self and the world and, in turn, facilitate psychological and conceptual growth. Finally, it offers an analysis of Luigi Pirandello’s Uno, nessuno e centomila ("One, No One and a Hundred Thousand"), to draw a connection between literary education and intercultural behavior abilities (as a part of the intercultural communicative competence).


Aboard Iris along the Dalmatian Coasts with Giuseppe Modrich

Patrizia Guida

The paper analyzes the volume Roman-Venetian-modern Dalmatia: Travel Notes and Memories (1892) written by Giuseppe Modrich from Zadar and compares it to previous literature, establishing links with Fortis’s writings by focusing on anthropological, historical, and cultural aspects. Modrich’s descriptions of Dalmatia and its many provinces abound with details concerning the population’s habitual behaviors in daily life, as well as its artistic and architectural heritage, which the author recognizes as evidence of various foreign powers that had dominated the region over the centuries. A chapter is dedicated to the Morlachs and their culture and, more generally, to the Dalmatian hinterland, not very popular with travelers and, therefore, little known to most people. The second part of the analysis focuses on the narrative structures and strategies employed by the author, shifting between the overuse of dialogism and the long and detailed descriptions that make the imagery almost tangible to the reader, be they landscapes, monuments, or habitual behaviors; strategies with which the author intends to promote his homeland.


In memoriam

Sanja Paša Maračić, Živko Nižić, Ivana Škevin Rajko

In memoriam:

Tonko Maroević (1941-2020)
Valter Tomas (1952-2020)

Goran Filipi (1954-2021)